Embarking on your musical journey with a guitar can be a thrilling experience. The six-stringed instrument holds a universe of sounds within it. But, as with all meaningful quests, you’ll want to start on the right foot. Here’s a deep dive into the crucial elements you need to ponder before making that all-important purchase.

1. Types of Guitars: Acoustic, Electric, and Classical

The first thing any prospective guitarist should consider is the type of guitar that resonates most with their musical aspirations.

Acoustic Guitar:
These guitars are often the image that springs to mind when someone mentions the instrument. With their rich and resonant sound, they’re perfectly suited for genres such as folk, country, pop, and bluegrass. While their heavier strings might present a challenge to absolute beginners, they provide a solid foundational grip on guitar dynamics.

Electric Guitar:
An electrifying option both in name and nature. These are versatile in the tones they produce, making them ideal for rock, pop, blues, jazz, and even metal. Their softer string tension is more forgiving on the fingers, making them a favorite among some beginners.

Classical Guitar:
An elegant choice for the purist. With nylon strings, they emit a warm and mellow tone. As the name suggests, they’re perfect for classical music, but they’re also fantastic for flamenco. Their wider necks present a unique playing experience, echoing centuries of musical tradition.

2. Budgeting for Your Guitar

When planning to buy a guitar, it’s not just about the instrument’s sticker price. While determining a budget range, remember that sometimes a higher price might not always guarantee better quality. But it’s also essential to factor in additional costs. For instance, an electric guitar’s journey doesn’t end at the instrument—you’ll need amplifiers, cables, and potentially effect pedals. And regardless of the type, there’s the case, tuners, capos, and more to consider.

3. Size and Shape Matter

The guitar should feel like an extension of your body when you play it. For adults and older teenagers, full-size guitars are standard. However, younger players or those looking for a travel companion might gravitate towards the 3/4 guitars.

When it comes to body shape, options like the dreadnought, jumbo, and concert each offer a unique sound and playability experience. It’s not just about aesthetics; the shape can profoundly influence how comfortable the guitar feels as you play.

4. The Significance of Tonewoods

The wood that crafts your guitar is the heart of its sound. Different woods elicit varying tones, making this an essential aspect of your decision.

  • Spruce: This common top wood offers a dynamic range.
  • Mahogany: If blues is your vibe, this wood’s warm sound might be the ticket.
  • Maple: For those performing live, the clear and transparent tone from maple stands out.
  • Rosewood: Looking for rich and deep tones? Rosewood is your friend.

5. Action, Setup, and the Playability Factor

The term ‘action’ in guitar parlance refers to the distance between the strings and the fretboard. If it’s too high, your fingers will find it challenging; too low, and you might hear an unwanted buzz.

Additionally, after purchasing, consider a professional setup to ensure optimal playability. Guitars, like all instruments, require some fine-tuning to reach their potential, and a setup can make all the difference, especially for a beginner.

6. Brands, Reviews, and Peer Guidance

While brand shouldn’t be the sole determining factor, reputable brands have garnered trust for a reason. Research, read online reviews, and perhaps most importantly, chat with experienced guitarists. There’s a wealth of knowledge in the community, and most players are eager to share their insights.

7. The Hands-On Approach: Trying Before Buying

The digital age has made online shopping a breeze. But if you can, visiting a local music store and getting a feel for various guitars can be invaluable. The weight, the balance, the resonance—all these subtle factors become tangible when you hold and play the instrument.


Q: How much should I spend on my first guitar?

A: Consider starting with a mid-range budget, perhaps between $100-$300. This offers a balance between quality and affordability.

Q: Online or in-store: Which is better?

A: While in-store provides a tactile experience, online offers variety. If shopping online, ensure a hassle-free return policy.

Q: Thoughts on buying a used guitar?

A: A well-maintained used guitar can be a gem. Always inspect (or have an expert inspect) a used instrument before purchase.

Q: Self-taught or lessons?

A: Both have merits. While many thrive with self-learning via online resources, lessons provide structured learning and valuable feedback.

Final Thoughts

Embarking on your guitar journey is thrilling, and the instrument you choose plays a pivotal role in shaping your musical experiences. Take your time, do your research, and above all, listen to your heart (and ears). Your perfect guitar is out there, waiting to be strummed.